To decide the California bearing ratio by undertaking a load penetration check in the laboratory.

The california bearing ratio take a look at is penetration test supposed for the assessment of subgrade electricity of roads and pavements. The results obtained via those exams are used with the empirical curves to determine the thickness of pavement and its element layers. This is the maximum extensively used technique for the layout of bendy pavement.

This preparation sheet covers the laboratory approach for the determination of C.B.R. Of undisturbed and remoulded /compacted soil specimens, each in soaked as well as unsoaked kingdom.

Making plans AND agency
Equipments and device required.

1. Cylindrical mildew with internal dia a hundred and fifty mm and peak one hundred seventy five mm, supplied with a detachable extension collar 50 mm peak and a detachable perforated base plate 10 mm thick. cbr test

2. Spacer disc 148 mm in dia and 47.7 mm in top along with take care of.

3. Metallic rammers. Weight 2.6 kg with a drop of 310 mm (or) weight 4.89 kg a drop 450 mm.

Four. Weights. One annular metal weight and numerous slotted weights weighing 2.5 kg each, 147 mm in dia, with a primary hollow fifty three mm in diameter.

Five. Loading device. With a capacity of atleast 5000 kg and prepared with a movable head or base that travels at an uniform price of one.25 mm/min. Whole with load indicating device.

6. Steel penetration piston 50 mm dia and minimal of one hundred mm in length.

7. Dial gauges reading to zero.01 mm.

Eight. Sieves. Four.75 mm and 20 mm I.S. Sieves.

Nine. Miscellaneous apparatus, consisting of a blending bowl, instantly part, scales soaking tank or pan, drying oven, clear out paper and containers.


It’s miles the ratio of pressure in line with unit vicinity required to penetrate a soil mass with fashionable circular piston on the rate of 1.25 mm/min. To that required for the corresponding penetration of a wellknown fabric.

C.B.R. = test load/standard load � one hundred

The following desk offers the usual loads adopted for unique penetrations for the same old fabric with a C.B.R. Value of a hundred%

Penetration of plunger (mm) preferred load (kg)








The test can be done on undisturbed specimens and on remoulded specimens which can be compacted both statically or dynamically.

Practise OF take a look at SPECIMEN
Undisturbed specimen

Connect the reducing area to the mould and push it gently into the floor. Remove the soil from the outside of the mould that’s driven in . Whilst the mould is complete of soil, eliminate it from weighing the soil with the mold or through any area approach near the spot.

Determine the density

Remoulded specimen
Prepare the remoulded specimen at Proctor�s most dry density or another density at which C.B.R> is needed. Hold the specimen at superior moisture content material or the sphere moisture as required. The fabric used have to skip 20 mm I.S. Sieve but it ought to be retained on 4.75 mm I.S. Sieve. Put together the specimen either by way of dynamic compaction or by using static compaction.

Dynamic Compaction
Take about four.Five to five.Five kg of soil and blend very well with the specified water.

Restore the extension collar and the bottom plate to the mildew. Insert the spacer disc over the bottom (See Fig.38). Vicinity the filter out paper at the top of the spacer disc.

Compact the mixture soil inside the mildew using both mild compaction or heavy compaction. For light compaction, compact the soil in 3 same layers, every layer being given 55 blows with the aid of the 2.6 kg rammer. For heavy compaction compact the soil in five layers, fifty six blows to each layer with the aid of the four.89 kg rammer.

Cast off the collar and trim off soil.

Turn the mildew the other way up and do away with the bottom plate and the displacer disc.

Weigh the mold with compacted soil and determine the majority density and dry density.

Put clear out paper at the top of the compacted soil (collar aspect) and clamp the perforated base plate on to it.

Static compaction
Calculate the weight of the wet soil at the required water content material to give the favored density while occupying the standard specimen quantity inside the mildew from the expression.

W =desired dry density * (1+w) V

Where W = Weight of the wet soil

w = preferred water content

V = quantity of the specimen inside the mold = 2250 cm3 (as in keeping with the mould available in laboratory)

Take the weight W (calculated as above) of the combination soil and area it inside the mold.

Region a filter paper and the displacer disc at the pinnacle of soil.

Preserve the mold meeting in static loading body and compact by way of urgent the displacer disc till the level of disc reaches the pinnacle of the mold.

Maintain the weight for some time and then release the burden. Put off the displacer disc.


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